WHY THE music and the ARTS?
A Few Research Studies That Have Shown the Importance of Music and the Arts....
*A study conducted by The Americans for the Arts (2013) analyzed 25,000 students over a period of four years. The study discovered the following:
- Success in Life: Low-income students who are highly engaged in the arts are more than twice as likely to graduate college as their peers with no arts education
- Success in School: Students involved in the arts are....
- 4 times more likely to participate in a math or science fair.
- 3 times more likely to win an award for attendance.
- 4 times more likely to be recognized for academic achievement
- 3 times more likely to be elected to class office
- Low socioeconomic status students with a high participation in the arts have a dropout rate of 4 percent, but their peers with a low participation in the arts have a dropout rate of 22 percent.
- Success at Work: 72% of employers say that creativity is the number one skill they are seeking when hiring. Creativity is one of the core components of a fine arts program. (94% of superintendents say that art builds creativity, 97% of superintendents say that music builds creativity).
- according to the study, 93% of Americans believe that the Arts are vital to providing a well-rounded education.
- When comparing data from students in low socioeconomic status who were involved in the arts (as opposed to those who were not), students involved in the arts were:
- 10% more likely to obtain gainful employment
- 17% more likely to obtain an associates degree
- 20% more likely to obtain a bachelors degree
- 17% more likely to volunteer
- Not every child learns in the same way. The arts by their very nature embody multiple learning styles (visual, auditory, kinesthetic/tactile) - helping all students to learn.
- Arts content can be connected to content in other subject areas (such as math, language arts, science and social studies) to allow for mutually-reinforcing objectives. This allows for deeper student learning. Students then also begin to see the connections and "big idea" concepts across disciplines.
- The Arts help make abstract concepts more concrete and understandable.
- The Arts help students by addressing students' sensory, attentional, cognitive, emotional and motor skills needs.
- The Arts develop lifelong skills of critical and creative thinking, problem solving, collaboration, reflection, and persistence.
-The Arts can transform the school and environment for learning—making schools places of collaboration and discover
SOME MORE RESEARCH STUDIES
*Research has shown that music discrimination skills have a profound impact on the development of literacy skills ("Phonological processing, and early reading ability in preschool children" - Anvari, Trainor, Woodside, Levy, 2002) This study also found that music perception skill is also related to phonological awareness and early reading development, and that phonemic awareness was directly correlated with musical ability.
*Studies done by other researchers, including Schellenberg (2006), Forgeard (2008), O'Herron & Siebenaler (2007), and Bolduc (2009) all present similar findings.
*Similar research has shown that there is much evidence that supports the positive effects of music on students’ ability to do math. The study “The Correlation between music and math: a Neurobiology Perspective” (2002) found that when children are trained at music at a young age, they tend to improve in their math skills. In the study, Dr. Gottfried Schlaug found that “certain regions of the brain such as the corpus callosum and the right motor cortex (both responsible largely utilized in math skills), were larger in musicians who started their musical training before the age of 7.”
*A study by the University of Vermont College of Medicine discovered that when a child is involved with music making/practice, it "accelerated cortical organization in attention skill, anxiety management and emotional control," and also has a positive effect on depression, aggression, and attention problems. ("Cortical Thickness Maturation and Duration of Music Training: Health-Promoting Activities Shape Brain Development" - Hudziak, 2014)
*A study titled "The Arts and Achievement in At-Risk Youth: Findings from Four Longitudinal Studies" (Catterall, J. S., Dumais, S.A, & Hampden-Thompson, G., 2012.) found that at-risk students with a history of intensive arts experiences show achievement levels closer to, and in some cases exceeding, the levels shown by the general population studied. These findings suggest that in-school or extracurricular programs offering deep arts involvement may help to narrow the gap in achievement levels among youth of high- versus low-Socioeconomic status.
*The book "Teaching with Poverty in Mind" (Jensen) advocates that the Arts improve attention, sequencing, processing, and cognitive skills.
*Countless other books/studies suggest that the Arts teach similarly important skills, such as critical thinking, seeing multiple points of view, being able to problem-solve, observe, analyze, interpret, and any other important skills.